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Welcome to ENCATC's newest online publication/encatcSCHOLAR – designed to be a unique tool for education and lifelong learning on arts and cultural management and policy.
Composed of articles, exclusive interviews, case studies, conference reports and more, /encatcSCHOLAR was born to satisfy the growing demand for the latest teaching material from academics, researchers, cultural operators and students in over 40 countries around the world.
Editors: GiannaLia Cogliandro Beyens, ENCATC; Cristina Ortega Nuere, 3Walks (Spain)
With the objective of publishing issue #09 of the /encatcSCHOLAR, we are now launching a call for contributions, which will focus, parallel to the topic of the 25th ENCATC Congress on Cultural Management and Policy (Brussels, 27-30 September 2017), on “Click, Connect and Collaborate! New directions in sustaining cultural networks”.
This issue of the /encatcSCHOLAR aims to consolidate the legacy of the 25th ENCATC Congress and to share some of the fruitful debates held during this event with the wider cultural community, with a special focus on professors, teachers and students in the field of cultural management and policy.
Because culture does have a say in Europe’s refugee crisis
The 6th ENCATC Academy on Culture in External Relations (Brussels, 27-28 March 2017) was devoted to “The question of culture in Europe’s refugee crisis”. The focus on this topic showed ENCATC’s commitment to one of the most pressing humanitarian issues of our times. Convinced that culture can, and actually is playing a role in the reaction to this crisis, the different contributions in this issue offer a kaleidoscopic view of this complex and urgent issue. As on previous occasions, this monographic issue of the /encatcSCHOLAR wants to give continuity and expand the debate we started with the Academy in March.
This issue includes three Case Analyses. Lucas Tello (ZEMOS98) presents “Displaced in Media”, a project aimed at bringing young migrants and refugees’ voices into the European media landscape. The second case analysis is offered by Henrik Zipsane (Jamtli Foundation), who explains the decision of the Jamtli Museum in Östersund (Sweden) to play an active role to face the housing problem in the region and promote intercultural dialogue, by developing the New Village initiative, a small village inside the museum with a high percentage of tenants with a refugee background. Finally, Matina Magkou (cultural manager and researcher) presents “Hotel Transit – homes on the move”, a project exploring communities in transit and their relation to local urban space.
In the Angles section, Marina Clauzet (University of Barcelona) reflects on how art and art mediation can contribute to the social inclusion of refugees. Raphaela Henze (Heilbronn University and Brokering Intercultural Exchange network) and Ana Sécio (EMERGE, Cultural Association) bring us two Interviews, to Cornelia Lanz and Márcio Carvalho, respectively. Cornelia is a mezzo-soprano and the founder of Zuflucht Kultur e.V. (Association Refuge Culture), while Márcio has explored the issue of collective memory through different artistic projects, such as “Floating Platforms”, in which he worked with refugees and elderly people in Turku (Finland). The piece by Erin Cory (Malmö University), on its part, is a hybrid between a Profile and a Case Analysis, since she introduces us to the work of miriam cooke and Maggie O’Neill, but also presents, in relation to the work of these two authors, the case of Trampoline House, an independent community space in Copenhagen which offers an opportunity for refugees and asylum seekers in Denmark to find a place of support. Finally, a summary of the main issues raised during the 6th ENCATC Academy is presented in the Proceedings section.
As proved by all these contributions, Europe’s refugee crisis and the role culture should play in it is not a clear-cut issue. Not avoiding the debate on the instrumentalisation of vulnerable groups by the arts and culture, we also want to hear and learn from real experiences which are actually bringing refugees’ experiences, voices and artistic works to the forefront. We find it crucial to bring these debates and learnings into the classroom, encouraging future artists, cultural managers and policy makers to collectively reflect on the question of culture in Europe’s refugee crisis from this multidimensional approach. We really hope the materials in this issue of the /encatcSCHOLAR are useful for this purpose.
Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies – Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?!
The events of last year like the terrorist attacks in Paris, Brussels and Nice; the huge amount of refugees, or the Brexit, to sum up only some of them, are not new, they are only the expressions and the intensification of a process that has been already going on for a longer period. Ulrich Beck and others had already proposed in the 80s that in late modernity Western industrial societies are undergoing a process of transformation into risk societies. Traditional institutions are not able anymore to respond to the fundamental global changes of society, like climate change, the financial crisis and/or terrorist attacks. Only the anticipation of global risks has a reflexive possibility to unite people and foster a cosmopolitan vision.
"Our society has more than ever evolved into a dynamic networking environment, asking for basically different skills."
The topic chosen for the 24th ENCATC Annual Conference in Valencia was a challenging one: Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies – Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?!. We wanted to reflect on the possible consequences of this evolution: how this new world is changing the position of the artist, for example. The artist-entrepreneur is becoming the new practice. The artist-entrepreneur is working in a different way: he is active in different places, at different levels, and is executing several projects at the same time. The artist is creating not only economic value, but social value as well. Although he often likes this flexibility and combination of different jobs (“multi-job holding”), his position is also very vulnerable. Therefore, the artist is looking for new forms of collaboration and/or partnerships. Another important evolution is the impact of technology on arts and culture, not only on the creation of content, but also on the way of producing and distributing. The development of new business models is required to respond to that evolution. Moreover, the role of the audience is changing. Participants are not longer passive spectators but become more and more actively involved in the creation process (by co-creation mechanisms).
Faced with a changing social environment, in which individual networking, coping with permanent change, and handling persisting uncertainty are paramount, we will have to re-think our curricula. More than ever we will have to take the evolving lack of pre-defined career-development and planning into account. We have to prepare the entrepreneurial ant for its lifelong dynamic journey through modern cultural and creative work spheres (Kooyman & Jacobs, 2015). Permanent change and innovation has become part of our sustainable surroundings. Our society has more than ever evolved into a dynamic networking environment, asking for basically different skills.
With this new issue of the /encatcSCHOLAR, we want to give the platform to stimulate the reflection on education and research in cultural management and cultural policy from an international perspective. We always want to explore theoretical roots and pedagogical approaches and we want to share good practices with each other. Teaching in our areas – cultural management, policy, entrepreneurship or leadership – gives a lot of opportunities to explore new teaching methods that are focused on a close collaboration with the working field (co-creation is becoming more and more the practice in the academic world), the use of digital tools, the development of intercultural competencies, the cross-fertilization between different disciplines. We always try to link theoretical insights with practical skills, and to stimulate a high degree of self-reflection. I hope this issue will give you a lot of inspiration for your practice.